Child Development

How does a child form their developmental area – social, emotional, cognitive or physical?

Learning in children takes place after birth and develop at a rapid pace, especially during their early years. These learning will provide an essential foundation as children go older and become adults. 

Parents and adults have a big responsibility in making sure that children will reach their social, emotional, cognitive and physical development. Children need to be nurtured at a young age to secure their future and success when they become adults. 

Social, cognitive, physical and Emotional Development of Children

Every aspect of child development, whether its social, cognitive, physical and emotional, is interconnected. The following concept will help my friend Arthur from Plasterer Sydney in his parental quest.

The experiences of children at a young age will affect how their brains will respond to a stimulus like stress in the future. It will also determine how well they are in building a trusting relationship with others when they become adults. 

During the first five years, the young brain will go through dramatic progress that will prepare them for social and emotional development. At age one, the brain of a child doubles in size. Children at three years old have a brain which is 80% the size of an adult brain.

At this stage, children develop their necessary motor abilities, language, understand their feelings and the feelings of others towards them. What happens in the first few years of the life of children will directly affect their long-term emotional, cognitive and social outcomes. 

What is emotional and social development?

Emotional and social development is the changes that develop over time in children’s response to their social environment. Social and emotional development can be described in terms of the child’s temperament, social skills and emotion regulation. 


Temperament describes how a young child reacts or respond to different situations and when dealing with their parents, strangers or fellow children. Temperament can be described as comfortable, slow-to-warm-up and rugged. 

Easy babies or children are easily soothed when they are upset and have a positive reaction to people. Slow-to-warm-up is a bit more hesitant to strangers and new situations or places. Difficult babies or children, on the other hand, are easily agitated and sensitive to their environment. 

A child may exhibit one or more of these characteristics. When children show a problematic temperament, it advised that parents keep their home as predictable as possible and gently exposed the child to a lot of positive experiences, they can slowly develop an easy temperament. 

Social Skills

Social skills are also developed in the early years of children. Attachments, which the emotional connection of a child to his parents or caregiver, plays an essential role in the development of the child’s social skill. 

It promotes a positive bond between a child and parents or caregiver. It also minimizes the risk of children developing emotional and social problems later in their childhood and when they are adults. Children who have a positive connection with their parents will tend to have a positive and trusting relationship with others when they become adults.

Emotional Regulation

Emotional regulation refers to a child’s ability to control his or her emotions and how they react to their environment. Regulating their feelings does not mean that a child should always be happy and calm. 

It’s normal for babies and children to have occasional tantrums or to cry. But parents should be able to determine if such behaviour happens too often already. Intervening and controlling emotional and social difficulties in children will eventually be beneficial when they become adults. Parents, caregivers, teachers and schools should invest time and resources to help children who struggle with emotional and social difficulties. This intervention will benefit communities in the long run. 

Children develop differently and at their own pace. Parents should always know the best their child. If you think your child is a difficulty setting in a particular area, whether its emotional, social and other aspects, it’s best to consult a specialist or a doctor and share your concern the soonest possible time.