The first few years is one of the most important in the health and development of a child. To have healthy growth and development, children should be given their emotional, social and educational needs. These include all children, even children with special needs. Parents and family members should be able to provide a loving and safe home for children, as well as, an opportunity to play, exercise, proper nutrition and sleep.
Good Parenting Practices
One crucial factor in the development of children is positive parenting. Parents need to learn how to make their children happy, healthy and develop well. Parents need to show warmth and sensitivity, especially when dealing with their children.
Parents need to create routines and household rules and respond to their children in a very predictable way. These include giving appropriate discipline when these rules are broken but without harshness. Talking to children and sharing book stories will also help in supporting a healthy and safe home environment. Parents should use these practices to support their child and make them stay healthy, safe and successful.
What factors contribute to children’s difficult behaviour?
Parents will always want the best for their children and would strive and do their best to make sure their children will have a healthy and safe environment. But sometimes some factors influence children’s behaviour that may trigger outburst, tantrums and other poor behaviour. So what factors influence a child’s behaviour?
Hunger and thirst
Children, especially young ones, sometimes cannot expressly tell their parent what they need something from them. So a hungry or thirsty child may be already telling their parents they need food and drinks without their parents realizing it. It’s always hard to read between the lines on the reason why a child is having tantrums.
Sometimes when kids play or are doing a task, they don’t usually pause and stop to have a break as adults would do. So for parents, it’s essential to establish a routine where you have them eat and drink in between playing or doing activities. These routines will lessen the chance of them having tantrums due to hunger and thirst.
Quality and amount of Sleep
Sleep is vital for a child to have a healthy brain development since the brain is developing at an astronomical pace. They need to have enough sleep.
When kids sleep, their brains are creating new neural connections and pathways which are essential in the development of the brain. Parents should ensure that their children have a good sleep routine that makes sure they have the right number of hours of sleep and have occasional naps.
Kids that don’t have enough sleep or have irregular sleeping habits may have some behavioural problems like tantrums or irritability. They are sometimes sleepy in school or during family activities because they have not had enough sleep during the night due to an irregular sleeping routine. Training a child to sleep during specific hours at night and waking up on an assigned time in the morning ensures they got enough number of hours of sleep and lessens tantrums.
Too much screen time
With the advent of technology such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and other devices, there is an ongoing trend of young children using these devices. To the point that when parents try to take away these devices, children would often have tantrums, outburst and other misbehavior.
Studies have shown that too much screen time can overstimulate a child which may cause mood swings, anxiety, poor behaviour and irritability. Too much screen time causes sleep problems since instead of sleeping children would choose to continue using their devices. It can also lead to social issues since interaction with other kids is limited, and friendships are often online and not personal.
It is crucial for parents to limit and reduced the screen time of children and have more socialization to control poor behaviour associated with too much screen time.